Legal Backgrounder. As the California and Iowa rulings suggest, while the gay marriage controversy has many elements, including disagreements over religious and social norms, much of the debate is a legal one. Indeed, it was a Massachusetts high court decision legalizing same-sex marriage that elevated the issue onto the national stage, where it has remained ever since. Since , courts in a number of states have handed victories to both opponents and supporters of gay marriage.
Cuba's draft constitution opens path to gay marriage
Gay Rights and the Constitution
Reversal comes after protests by evangelical churches and ordinary citizens in public meetings on the new constitution. Cuba 's National Assembly has said language opening the way to the legalisation of same-sex marriage will be removed from the draft of the country's new constitution to "respect all opinions". A parliamentary commission responsible for drafting the constitution on Tuesday proposed to omit language defining marriage as the union of "two people Instead, the issue should be addressed in the family code that is set to be updated shortly after the new constitution has been approved at a referendum in early The constitutional commission is headed by the head of the ruling Communist Party and former President Raul Castro. His daughter, Mariela Castro, is a legislator known as Cuba's highest-profile advocate for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transsexual rights.
Romanians vote on putting gay marriage ban in constitution
Same-sex marriage has been legalized in in twenty-seven countries, including the United States, and civil unions are recognized in many Western democracies. Yet same-sex marriage remains banned in many countries, and the expansion of broader lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender LGBT rights has been uneven globally. International organizations, including the United Nations, have issued resolutions in support of LGBT rights, but human rights groups say these organizations have limited power to enforce these newly recognized rights. Civil Society. Javier Corrales, a professor at Amherst College who focuses on LGBT rights in Latin America, points to income levels and the influence of religion in politics, as well as the overall strength of democracy, to explain regional divergences [PDF].
Same-sex marriage in the United States expanded from one state in to all fifty states in through various state court rulings, state legislation, direct popular votes, and federal court rulings. Same-sex marriage is also referred to as gay marriage , while the political status in which the marriages of same-sex couples and the marriages of opposite-sex couples are recognized as equal by the law is referred to as marriage equality. The fifty states each have separate marriage laws , which must adhere to rulings by the Supreme Court of the United States that recognize marriage as a fundamental right that is guaranteed by both the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution , as first established in the landmark civil rights case of Loving v. Civil rights campaigning in support of marriage without distinction as to sex or sexual orientation began in the s.