Thalassemias are a group of blood disorders that affect the way the body makes hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. It's made up of alpha globin and beta globin. The body contains more red blood cells than any other type of cell, and each has a life span of about 4 months. Each day, the body produces new red blood cells to replace those that die or are lost from the body. With thalassemia, the red blood cells are destroyed at a faster rate, leading to anemia , a condition that can cause fatigue and other complications.
Folate-Deficiency Anemia | Johns Hopkins Medicine
Folate-deficiency anemia is the lack of folic acid in the blood. Folic acid is a B vitamin that helps your body make red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to all parts of your body. Low levels of folic acid can cause megaloblastic anemia. With this condition, red blood cells are larger than normal.
Complete Blood Count (CBC)
Human erythrocytes or red blood cells RBCs are the primary cellular component of blood. They are involved in oxygen transport through the body and have features that distinguish them from every other type of human cell. Adult humans have roughly trillion RBCs at any given time, comprising approximately one quarter of the total number of human cells. RBCs are disc-shaped with a flatter, concave center.